A place to share cool science ideas for storytime!

Posts tagged ‘STEM’

Libraries Rock: All About Sound

Sound by Peter Riley

How does it work? This book explores frequencies, pitch, and volume including how sound travels, the anatomy of an ear, and what makes an echo. Readers are encouraged to follow the examples and engage in scientific exploration.

Contents:

What’s that sound; classifying sounds ; loud, quiet, long, short, high pitch, low pitch

How is sound made; stretch a rubber band around a plastic box and pluck it with your finger

Seeing sounds: use a rope tied to a door handle to see the waves when you shake it.

Sounds near and far

Loud sounds, quiet sounds: the decibel scale

Pitch: slow and quick vibrations, low and high frequency

Rubber bands and strings

Wind instruments

Speed of sound

Sounds in solids and liquids; table test, balloon test

Sound insulation

Ears

Sound by Darlene Lauw

  • Sound energy – wrap plastic over speakers and watch sand jump
  • Transmission of sound, ear on the table, spy telephone (cup with string)
  • The speed of sound
  • Hearing sound artificial ear experiment with paper plate and cup
  • Playing with sound waves – collecting them with an umbrella, reflecting sound waves cardboard tubes
  • Qualities of sound
  • Fun with music – make a panpipe with 10 straws

 

Awesome Experiments in Light & Sound by Michael DiSpezio, illustrated by Catherine Leary

Investigates the different sounds of a vibrating ruler, producing sound with a blade of grass, and a variety of experiments with straws.

Sounds All Around by Wendy Pfeffer, illustrated by Holly Keller.

Easy to understand nonfiction book that preschoolers will enjoy. Sound activities included at the end of the book such as making a guitar out of tissue box and rubber bands, musical glasses and the sounds matching game.

Big Book of Building by Marne Ventura includes instructions for a Groovy Guitar made with cardboard, rubber bands and other recycled items. The book also gives instructions on how to make Hot Beats Bongo Drums from oatmeal containers and duct tape.

The Science of Sound: Projects and Experiments with Music and Sound Waves by Steve Parker

Includes these topics: What is sound? — Sounds underwater — Quiet…or…LOUD! — High or low — Hearing sounds — Where’s that sound? — Speed of sound — Bouncing sound — Making sounds — Soaking up sound — Sound along a line — Recorded sound — Sound history.

Light, sound, and waves science fair projects : using sunglasses, guitars, CDs, and other stuff by Robert Gardner

Why can dogs hear sounds that humans cannot? Why does a flame give off light? How does a mirror work? In this book of experiments, readers learn how to explore the world of light and sound, with additional ideas for science fair projects.

Sound and light by Jack Challoner

White light and color, recording sound and light, and the light-bending properties of mirrors, prisms, and lenses are all explored in 40 hands-on, fascinating experiments.

Sound activities for preschoolers:

Water whistles with straws

http://www.mybaba.com/water-whistle-experiment/

Underwater sound experiment for kids

http://www.stillplayingschool.com/2015/04/sound-under-water-experiment-kids.html?m=1

Bowls with plastic wrap vibration experiment with sugar:

https://www.mymundaneandmiraculouslife.com/sound-experiments-preschoolers/

Exploring sound with a hanger and string

https://buggyandbuddy.com/exploring-sound-with-a-hanger-science-invitation-saturday/

Easy music science ideas

http://www.science-sparks.com/how-can-you-see-sound/

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All About Horses

I began our horse themed preschool storytime with the True or False Book of Horses by Patricia Lauber. The children really engaged with the true-or-false question-and-answer format with questions such as do horses walk on their tiptoes, do horses need to move their heads to see behind them, or do horses have a better sense of smell than we do. I used a Breyer toy horse to show the children the hooves and eyes and ears. I asked them to show me how they turned to see behind them. Then I asked them to show me their eyes, and then demonstrated how horses’ eyes are more wide set and closer to the sides of their heads than human eyes. This was a fun introduction to get the children excited about horses!

Are you a horse? by Andy Rash is a very humorous book. The children learned the differences between the various objects, plants, and animals to determine what makes a horse a horse. Categories included living and nonliving, plant versus animal, animals with no legs, and animals that lay eggs. The preschoolers enjoyed answering “No!” when the main character would ask each thing or animal if they were a horse, and chiming in with explanations of why it could not be a horse.

Other books the children enjoyed:

Horseplay by Karma Wilson

Clip-Clop by Nicola Smee

Noni the Pony by Alison Lester

Big Horse Small Mouse: a Book of Barnyard Opposites by Liesbet Slegers

“Play Giddy-up” from Miss Carole’s Polka Dots music cd was the perfect way for the children to walk, gallop and whoa to a stop.

https://lcl.ent.sirsi.net/client/en_US/default/search/results?qu=miss+carole%27s&te=&lm=MUSICCDS&rt=false%7C%7C%7CTITLE%7C%7C%7CTitle#

Here’s a link to a printable worksheet with the parts of a horse. http://homeschoolhelperonline.com/2015/07/18/label-the-horse-worksheet/#

 

Preschool Inventors

Here are several books to inspire creativity for your preschoolers!

Tinkerlab: a Hands-on Guide for Little Inventors by Rachelle Doorley

The book has 55 activities for children to explore their world with creative experiments with easy to find materials. There are ideas for everything from making marks with crayons and markers to simple machines, robotics, electronics and unique hands on art experiences.

Loose Parts: Inspiring Play in Young Children by Lisa Daly

Loose parts can be acorns, hardware, stones, aluminum foil, or fabric scraps.  Loose parts can be natural or synthetic, found, bought, or upcycled. Free reign to play and manipulate with these materials inspire creativity in children.

With more than 550 color photographs of many kinds of loose parts in real early childhood settings, this book provides information about the variety of ways everyday materials can support open-ended learning, enhance play, and empower children.

50 Fantastic Things to Do With Preschoolers by Sally Featherstone

This book offers a wide range of suggestions for purposeful play activities including:

Sort it Out; sorting natural objects

Five Little Peas; popping and placing

Jelly on the Plate; playing with familiar substances

Playful Learning: Develop Your Child’s Sense of Joy and Wonder by Mariah Bruehl

This book is full of hands-on reading, science, and social activities for children.

The author includes stages of development and activities for writing, reading, math, science, art, and more that include supply lists, instructions, and ways to expand the activity.

More resources available at https://home.playfullearning.net/free-resources/

150+ Screen-Free Activities for Kids by Asia Citro

Each chapter begins with an introduction and the author’s experience and tips. The chapters are: slimes, doughs, paints, small worlds, simple sensory activities, and do it yourself toys. Each activity lists prep time, ages, ingredients and supplies, detailed instructions as well as variations, troubleshooting and budget tips. The last part of the book has information on the science behind the activities, where to find supplies, and additional resources.

Water and STEAM!

Recently I attended a workshop at the UNL extension office in Lincoln titled STEAM* in Early Childhood. STEAM stands for *Science, Technology, Engineering, Agriculture and Math.

The training included several hands-on activities including taking an ice ball formed in a balloon and adding salt and food coloring to it. The food coloring showed the patterns made by the salt melting the ice. This activity was really fun! Here’s a photo:

IMG_20160719_194604_228

 

We also built structures out of newspaper and made a birdseed feeder with cookie cutters.

The training informed us about the inquiry process and how to facilitate it for preschooolers by encouraging inquiry, giving them time, fostering questions and helping them to reflect.

I included this process in my boat themed storytime. I had the children make rafts of popsicle sticks and colored duct tape. We took the rafts down to the courtyard to a small wading pool with a couple of inches of water. The children were able to see if the rafts actually floated. We provided small plastic animals for them to experiment with as well. Incorporating STEAM activities is easy and fun!

Here is a link to water themed activities. http://handsonaswegrow.com/water-experiments-for-kids/

Here are some titles for encouraging water experimentation for children.

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